Decision making is sine qua non to education administration because a school, like all formal organizations, is basically a decision-making structure (Hoy and Miskel, 2001).
Decision making is a process that guides actions. Decisions are based on the beliefs, values and previous experiences of individuals. School is also an organization which has individuals working for it, it has its clients, who are the students, it has stake holders, fund which is coming in and going out and so it functions like any normal professional body – hence the decision making task comes at play in all major steps and folds.
Four key resources ought to be recognized in school based decision making so as to enable to develop the capacity to create a successful organization with optimum performance.
Scope of Decision–Making
The scope of decision-making has three dimensions – budget, personnel and curriculum. Regarding the budget allotted to them their decision making will revolve around staffing, equipment and materials for school labs and other utility, building maintenance expenditure, professional development and students’ recreation and activities.
For personnel / staffing decisions, the schools will decide how best to recruit and whether they will have all permanent staffs or mix of permanent and part timers. Some work can be outsourced so that also needs to be budgeted in – for eg- the school canteen.
The third decision area is the curriculum and instructional strategies to be employed. This is determined in terms of the state level or national level educational goals set up. The school personnel draw on their expertise and experience in making these decisions.
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